Make your journey to Sumatra easier with our information.
Located in the western bounds of the Indonesian archipelago, Sumatra is the sixtieth largest island in the world, with an area of 443,065.8 km2.
Bukit Barisan is a large mountain range that extends longitudinally from the northwest to the southeast of Sumatra, with a length of approximately 1500 miles. The Bukit Barisan range includes dozens of mountains, along with both inactive and active volcanoes; such as Geureudong (Aceh), Sinabung (North Sumatra), Merapi and Gutter (West Sumatra), Mount Kaba (Bengkulu), and Kerinci (Sumatra West , Jambi). On the island of Sumatra, there are also several lakes, of which Lake Laut Tawar (Aceh), Lake Toba (North Sumatra), Lake Batur, Maninjau Lake, Lake Above, Below Lake, Lake Gutter (West Sumatra), Lake Kerinci (Jambi) and Lake Ranau (Lampung and South Sumatra).
Sumatra is famous for many culinary delights. You can easily to find the food and drink of many ethnic styles in sumatra; including chinese, european and many local specialties. Whether you are in a big hotel restaurant or strolling the street stall you will never be without rice, noodles, vegetables and range of traditional cakes. Typically the food is spicy, remember to ask when ordering if you’re not used to a lot of chilli.
Sumatra is a large island with a population of approximately 52,210,926 (2010).
Sumatra is a multi-ethnic province including the Batak, Nias, and the Malays as the indigenous people of this region. The east coast of Sumatra is generally inhabited by Malays. The west coast of The central region around Lake Toba is inhabited by the Batak tribe who are mostly Christian. The Nias tribe in the islands west. Since the opening of the tobacco plantations in East Sumatra, the Dutch East Indies colonial government brought many contract laborers to work the plantations. These Newcomers are mostly ethnic Javanese and Chinese.
You will not face any problems traveling within the island state as the roads in Sumatra are good. You can find quite a good network of transportation and road services and buses are the most convenient way of traveling around the state. Bus travel is one of the best options for intercity travel. Trains are available in Sumatra and there is a useful rail line between Bandar Lampung and Palembang. For exploring the many tourist attractions of the region you can rent cars, motorbikes and bicycles, and there are regular ferries from Sumatra to surrounding islands.
The flora and fauna in sumatra is similar to the Asian mainland, but sumatra still boasts vast rainforest and much wildlife. Until the end of the 19th country the Islands rainforest remained untouched, now only 30% of sumatra’s previous jungle remains. Although this does means that Sumatra has changed into a deforested island, there are still vast areas of untouched lowland rainforest and sub-mountainous and mountain forest. Alpine vegetation occurs at the higher altitudes. Extinction and deforestation is a also a problem in Indonesia but it started later than in other countries and we believe there is still time to both see and save it. The island of sumatra is home to countless species including several hundred mammals, almost 200 reptiles, over 60 amphibians, almost 300 fish species and more the 450 bird species. Of these; 9 mammals, 30 fish species and 19 bird species are endemic.
Trekking is a form the adventure travel that has its own challenges and rewards. If you have never tried jungle trekking before, don't miss it now.
Theres is nothing strange, dangerous or difficult in the jungle. You don't have to be young for this adventure, you only need an interest in nature. The most important experience is in the journey and something that you can see and feel, not just the end destination.
"Useful Things To Brings"
- Prepare comfortable shoes to take the road to the forest and rugged terrain.
- Bring a raincoat.
- Heavy duty mosquito repellent (50% deet).
- Sleeping bag for higher altitudes.
- For those of you who like to take pictures, prepare a waterproof camera housing, or minimal plastic zip lock bag to protect the camera from rain which can suddenly descend. Also take a backup battery and sufficient memory card.
The flora and fauna of Bukit Lawang Mountain and lowland forests are breath taking. Both are vitally important genetic resource and wildlife habitat. The "green gold" Bukit Lawang is situated at the eastern side of Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL). This jungle is part of a larger section of jungle known as the Leuser Ecosystem. This region has an area of 2.6 million hectares which includes the area around TNGL which serves as a buffer zone.
Within this national park there are approximately 130 mammal species. These include; the Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii), Sarudung (Hylobates lar ), Gibbon (Hylobates syndactilus), Long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), Macac Monkey (Macaca nemestriana) and Kedih (Presbytis thomasi). The carnivorous animals include; the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) and the Sumatran Tiger (Tigris Phantera sumatraensis). The Herbivorous animals inclue the Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus), the Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatraensis) and the Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor).
There are approximately 285 species of bird in the Gunung Leuser National Park including; the Rhinoceros Hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros).
Species at risk.
It is estimated that there are around 89 species that are endangered and protected in the Gunung Leuser National Park including; the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus abelii), Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus), Sun Bears (Helarctos malayanus), Hornbills board (Buceros bicornis), Dhole (Cuon Alpinus) and Gibbon (Hylobates syndactylus).
In 1973 a Swiss organization set up an orangutan rehabilitation center in Bukit Lawang. The purpose of the center was to rehabilitate Orangutans released from captivity. The rangers at the center taught the orangutan all the necessary skills to survive in the wild. After an intense period of quarantine, readjustment to the natural habitat and reintegration in the semi-wild population, the Orangutan is then released back into the jungle. All orangutans released are still monitored by the rangers and they still provide them with supplementary food at the feeding platform until they become fully self-reliant.
The wildlife within the National Park is exotic and unusually diverse, Wild Orangutans can be difficult to see unless you go deep into the jungle. There are also white and black gibbons that make an amazing noise calling out to each other, and Thomas Leaf monkeys, with their amazing hair dos. If you are lucky, you may be able to see Hornbills, Moon Snakes, and Monitor Lizards.
Since there are very few still alive, it is very improbable that either the Sumatran Tiger or the Sumatran Rhinoceros will be encountered, although footprints and droppings have been reported. For elephants, go to Tangkahan or near Ketambe you can trek further into the jungle to try and spot wild elephants. While seeing creatures in the wild is never guaranteed, visitors can at least get a glimpse of their habitats and experience their environment while waiting to see a rare animal or bird.
Place to visit in Sumatra.
Sumatra has something for everyone to explore - lush rainforests, exotic flora and fauna, cascading rivers, sparkling crater lakes, beautiful white sandy beaches, impressive volcanoes, limestone caves and an incredible diverse array of traditional ethnic groups who inhabit some of the most spectacular volcanic landscapes of the world.
Indonesia offers short stay visa free facilities for tourists from 169 countries. Valid for 30 days, the visa is non-extendable and cannot be transferred into any other type of stay permit. This visa can be obtained directly when you enter through certain airports, seaports and land borders in Indonesia regardless of the purpose of your visit (Business, Tourist, Social).
Visit Bukit lawang with Bukit Lawang Travel and experience the beautiful harmony between wildlife and nature, not to mention Orangutans in their natural habitat. Orangutans are our closest living relatives sharing 97% of our DNA. They are intelligent, mischievous and tricky and the only great apes found in Asia. They can be found only in the two islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Gunung leuser National Park is located in the Central north of sumatera, it is the last home for Ex-captive and wild orangutan.
Bukit Lawang is name of a village situated on west side of the North Sumatra province on the edge of the Gunung Lauser National Park. ‘’Gunung” means mountain, “Bukit” means is hill and “lawang” means door or gate. Therefore, “Bukit Lawang” means “the hill which is the Gateway to the Mountain”.
Come and experience the magic of Sumatra with us.
Our affordable hassle-free packages include accommodation, travel, guide fees and meals. We do the hard work of planning your trip so you don’t have to allowing you more free time to relax.
So whether you want to catch a glimpse of an orangutan in their natural habitat, visit elephants at Tangkahan, hike to the volcano summit at Berastagi for sunrise, experience the Batak culture of Lake Toba or visit the world’s largest flower the Rafflesia, we have a tour suitable for you.